Accolades to My Alpha North Brothers Regarding a Vietnam Anniversary Date!

On April 18, 1966 I served as the Alpha North forward observer with Alpha company, 1st battalion, 3rd Marines. My friend and radioman, Glen Richmond, called us all together where 2nd platoons CP group, Glen and Ken Stoddard listened to the attack on Alpha North by VC bolstered by NVA. Here is my thoughts about that event on April 18, 2015.

One of 3 major anniversaries for me. The other 2 may be more traumatic because having moved from 12th Marine HQ to FO at A-1-3 for Alpha North, except for Glen Richmond and Ken Stoddard, I was not at the Battery, and didn’t know any of you!

  •  Listening to the events via radio, watching the effect on Glen and Kenny, and living inside my own vivid imagination I feared, cried and prayed along with each of you!
  •  My prayers for Arnie, Danny, Fred, Ralph and Jake continue to this day! My amazement at the wonderful job all of you did in defending Alpha North is part of what makes me proud to have served with such magnificent Marines-where even the “cannon corker” is an expert rifleman! April 18, 1966 is forever part of my eternal memory: when we were Marines, and young!

    Al Battista's photo.
  • Bonnie Arnold Gallegos 4:00pm Apr 17
    Thanks for sharing your memories, guys. Love you all. In the Central Time Zone, there was 13 hours difference (they are ahead of us) since we had not yet started Daylight Savings time. That was a week away. At the moment of my brother’s death, my mom dropped some dishes which made a big crash and made her shake, not understanding then what had happened. I won’t forget….. should have known. Depending on what you believe, I think it was the invisible cord that connects mother and child, severed by physical death.
    Bonnie is the sister of our brother PFC Robert “Arnie” Dwain Arnold!

Overt Treason, not a Conspiracy!

Like ‘Sitting Ducks in a Row’!
 
Just in case you didn’t know…READ TO THE END! For those who know history, remember Stalin’s 1938 purge of the Red Army by its best officers… top to bottom!      And send this further to your mailing list…

The picture is of the five first line US nuclear carriers docked together in one place. Just
like Battleship Row, Pearl Harbor , December 7, 1941.

This picture was taken the February 2014 in Norfolk , Virginia.   Obama ordered
5 nuclear carriers into harbor for “routine” (?) inspections. Heads of the Navy were flabbergasted by the directive but had to comply as it was a direct
order from their Commander-in-Chief.
The carriers were all pulled out from the MIDDLE EAST and the Afghanistan
support role leaving our land forces naked and exposed without the air support
needed to carry out their missions.!
NORFOLK, VA. (February 8, 2014). This is the first time since WWII that five
aircraft carriers were docked together. (These are all nuclear carriers).
USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN 69),
USS George H.W. Bush (CVN 77),
USS Enterprise (CVN 65),
USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75),
and USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72)
are all in port at Naval Station Norfolk , Va. , the world’s largest naval station.
Knowledgeable sources stated that this breached a long standing military
protocol in the Navy meant to avoid a massive enemy strike on major US forces.
(U..S. Navy photo by Chief Mass Communication Specialist Ryan J. Courtade/Released).
This ordering of most of the Navy’s capitol ships into one place is
unprecedented since Pearl Harbor !
————————————————————————–
The following is a list of our military elite who
have been dismissed or fired under Obama
Commanding Generals fired:
General John R. Allen-U.S. Marines Commander
International Security Assistance Force [ISAF] (Nov 2012)
Major
General Ralph Baker (2 Star)-U.S. Army Commander of the Combined Joint
Task Force Horn in Africa (April 2013)
Major General Michael
Carey (2 Star)-U.S. Air Force Commander of the 20th US Air Force in
charge of 9,600 people and 450 Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (Oct
2013)
Colonel James Christmas-U.S. Marines Commander 22nd
Marine Expeditionary Unit & Commander Special-Purpose Marine
Air-Ground Task Force Crisis Response Unit (July 2013)
Major
General Peter Fuller-U.S. Army Commander in Afghanistan (May 2011)
Major General Charles M.M. Gurganus-U.S. Marine Corps
Regional Commander of SW and I Marine Expeditionary Force in Afghanistan
(Oct 2013)
General Carter F. Ham-U.S. Army African Command (Oct 2013)
Lieutenant General David H. Huntoon (3 Star), Jr.-U.S. Army
58th Superintendent of the US Military Academy at West Point, NY (2013)
Command Sergeant Major Don B Jordan-U.S. Army
143rd Expeditionary Sustainment Command (suspended Oct 2013)
General James Mattis-U.S. Marines Chief of CentCom (May 2013)
Colonel Daren Margolin-U.S. Marine in charge of Quantico ‘s
Security Battalion (Oct 2013)
General Stanley McChrystal-U.S. Army Commander Afghanistan (June 2010)
General David D. McKiernan-U.S. Army Commander Afghanistan (2009)
General David Petraeus-Director of CIA from September 2011 to November 2012 &
U.S. Army Commander International Security Assistance Force [ISAF] and
Commander U.S. Forces Afghanistan [USFOR-A] (Nov 2012)
Brigadier General Bryan Roberts-U.S. Army Commander 2nd Brigade (May 2013)
Major General Gregg A. Sturdevant-U.S. Marine Corps Director of
Strategic Planning and Policy for the U.S. Pacific Command & Commander
of Aviation Wing at Camp Bastion, Afghanistan (Sept 2013)
Colonel Eric Tilley-U.S. Army Commander of Garrison Japan (Nov 2013)
Brigadier General Bryan Wampler-U.S. Army Commanding General of
143rd Expeditionary Sustainment Command of the 1st Theater Sustainment
Command [TSC] (suspended Oct 2013)
Commanding Admirals fired:
Rear Admiral Charles Gaouette-U.S. Navy Commander
John C. Stennis Carrier Strike Group Three (Oct 2012)
Vice Admiral Tim Giardina (3 Star, demoted to 2 Star)-U.S. Navy Deputy
Commander of the US Strategic Command, Commander of the Submarine Group
Trident, Submarine Group 9 and Submarine Group 10 (Oct 2013)
Naval Officers fired: (All in 2011)
Captain David Geisler-U.S. Navy Commander Task Force 53 in
Bahrain (Oct 2011)
Commander Laredo Bell-U.S. Navy Commander Naval Support Activity
Saratoga Springs , NY (Aug 2011)
Lieutenant Commander Kurt Boenisch-Executive Officer amphibious
transport dock Ponce (Apr 2011)
Commander Nathan Borchers-U.S. Navy Commander destroyer
Stout (Mar 2011)
Commander Robert Brown-U.S. Navy Commander Beachmaster
Unit 2 Fort Story , VA (Aug 2011)
Commander Andrew Crowe-Executive Officer Navy Region Center
Singapore (Apr 2011)
Captain Robert Gamberg-Executive Officer carrier Dwight D.
Eisenhower (Jun 2011)
Captain Rex Guinn-U.S. Navy Commander Navy Legal Service office
Japan (Feb 2011)
Commander Kevin Harms- U.S. Navy Commander Strike Fighter
Squadron 137 aboard the aircraft carrier Abraham Lincoln (Mar 2011)
Lieutenant Commander Martin Holguin-U.S. Navy Commander
mine countermeasures Fearless (Oct 2011)
Captain Owen Honors-U.S. Navy Commander aircraft carrier
USS Enterprise (Jan 2011)
Captain Donald Hornbeck-U.S. Navy Commander Destroyer
Squadron 1 San Diego (Apr 2011)
Rear Admiral Ron Horton-U.S. Navy Commander Logistics Group,
Western Pacific (Mar 2011)
Commander Etta Jones-U.S. Navy Commander amphibious
transport dock Ponce (Apr 2011)
Commander Ralph Jones-Executive Officer amphibious
transport dock Green Bay (Jul 2011)
Commander Jonathan Jackson-U.S. Navy Commander
Electronic Attack Squadron 134, deployed aboard carrier Carl Vinson
(Dec 2011)
Captain Eric Merrill-U.S. Navy Commander submarine Emory
S. Land (Jul 2011)
Captain William Mosk-U.S. Navy Commander Naval Station Rota ,
U.S. Navy Commander Naval Activities Spain (Apr 2011)
Commander Timothy Murphy-U.S. Navy Commander Electronic
Attack Squadron 129 at Naval Air Station Whidbey Island , WA (Apr
2011)
Commander Joseph Nosse-U.S. Navy Commander
ballistic-missile submarine Kentucky (Oct 2011)
Commander Mark Olson-U.S. Navy Commander destroyer
The Sullivans FL (Sep 2011)
Commander John Pethel-Executive Officer amphibious transport dock
New York (Dec 2011)
Commander Karl Pugh-U.S. Navy Commander
Electronic Attack Squadron 141 Whidbey Island , WA (Jul 2011)
Commander Jason Strength-U.S. Navy Commander of Navy Recruiting
District Nashville , TN (Jul 2011)
Captain Greg Thomas-U.S. Navy Commander Norfolk Naval Shipyard
(May 2011)
Commander Mike Varney-U.S. Navy Commander attack submarine
Connecticut (Jun 2011)
Commander Jay Wylie-U.S. Navy Commander destroyer Momsen
(Apr 2011)
Naval Officers fired: (All in 2012):
Commander Alan C. Aber-Executive Officer Helicopter Maritime
Strike Squadron 71 (July 2012)
Commander Derick Armstrong- U.S. Navy Commander missile
destroyer USS The Sullivans (May 2012)
Commander Martin Arriola- U.S. Navy Commander destroyer
USS Porter (Aug 2012)
Captain Antonio Cardoso- U.S. Navy Commander Training Support
Center San Diego (Sep 2012)
Captain James CoBell- U.S. Navy Commander Oceana
Naval Air Station’s Fleet Readiness Center Mid-Atlantic (Sep 2012)
Captain Joseph E. Darlak- U.S. Navy Commander
frigate USS Vandegrift (Nov 2012)
Captain Daniel Dusek-U.S. Navy Commander USS Bonhomme
Commander David Faught-Executive Officer destroyer Chung-Hoon
(Sep 2012)
Commander Franklin Fernandez- U.S. Navy Commander
Naval Mobile Construction Battalion 24 (Aug 2012)
Commander Ray Hartman- U.S. Navy Commander
Amphibious dock-landing ship Fort McHenry (Nov 2012)
Commander Shelly Hakspiel-Executive Officer
Navy Drug Screening Lab San Diego (May 2012)
Commander Jon Haydel- U.S. Navy Commander USS San
Diego (Mar 2012)
Commander Diego Hernandez- U.S. Navy
Commander ballistic-missile submarine USS Wyoming (Feb 2012)
Commander Lee Hoey- U.S. Navy Commander
Drug Screening Laboratory, San Diego (May 2012)
Commander Ivan Jimenez-Executive Officer
frigate Vandegrift (Nov 2012)
Commander Dennis Klein- U.S. Navy Commander
submarine USS Columbia (May 2012)
Captain Chuck Litchfield- U.S. Navy Commander
assault ship USS Essex (Jun 2012)
Captain Marcia Kim Lyons- U.S. Navy Commander
Naval Health Clinic New England (Apr 2012)
Captain Robert Marin- U.S. Navy Commander
cruiser USS Cowpens (Feb 2012)
Captain Sean McDonell- U.S. Navy Commander Seabee
reserve unit Naval Mobile Construction Battalion 14 FL (Nov 2012)
Commander Corrine Parker- U.S. Navy Commander
Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 1 (Apr 2012)
Captain Liza Raimondo- U.S. Navy Commander Naval Health
Clinic Patuxent River , MD (Jun 2012)
Captain Jeffrey Riedel- Program manager,
Littoral Combat Ship program (Jan 2012)
Commander Sara Santoski- U.S. Navy Commander
Helicopter Mine Countermeasures
Squadron 15 (Sep 2012)
Commander Kyle G. Strudthoff-Executive
Officer Helicopter Sea Combat Squadron 25 (Sep 2012)
Commander Sheryl Tannahill- U.S. Navy Commander
Navy Operational Support Center [NOSC] Nashville , TN (Sep 2012)
Commander Michael Ward- U.S. Navy Commander submarine
USS Pittsburgh (Aug 2012)
Captain Michael Wiegand- U.S. Navy Commander
Southwest Regional Maintenance Center (Nov 2012)
Captain Ted Williams- U.S. Navy Commander
amphibious command ship Mount Whitney (Nov 2012)
Commander Jeffrey Wissel- U.S. Navy Commander of
Fleet Air Reconnaissance Squadron 1 (Feb 2012)
Naval Officers fired: (All in 2013):
Lieutenant Commander Lauren Allen-Executive Officer
submarine Jacksonville (Feb 2013)
Reserve Captain Jay Bowman-U.S. Navy Commander Navy
Operational Support Center [NOSC] Fort Dix , NJ (Mar 2013)
Captain William Cogar-U.S. Navy Commander hospital
ship Mercy’s medical treatment facility (Sept 2013)
Commander Steve Fuller-Executive Officer
frigate Kauffman (Mar 2013)
Captain Shawn Hendricks-Program Manager for
naval enterprise IT networks (June 2013)
Captain David Hunter-U.S. Navy Commander of Maritime
Expeditionary Security Squadron 12 & Coastal Riverine Group 2
(Feb 2013)
Captain Eric Johnson-U.S. Navy Chief of Military
Entrance Processing Command at
Great Lakes Naval Training Center, IL (2013)
Captain Devon Jones-U.S. Navy Commander Naval Air
Facility El Centro , CA (July 2013)
Captain Kevin Knoop-U.S. Navy Commander
hospital ship Comfort’s medical treatment facility (Aug 2013)
Lieutenant Commander Jack O’Neill-U.S. Navy Commander
Operational Support Center Rock Island , IL (Mar 2013)
Commander Allen Maestas-Executive Officer
Beachmaster Unit 1 (May 2013)
Commander Luis Molina-U.S. Navy Commander
submarine Pasadena (Jan 2013)
Commander James Pickens-Executive Officer frigate Gary
(Feb 2013)
Lieutenant Commander Mark Rice-U.S. Navy Commander
Mine Countermeasures ship Guardian (Apr 2013)
Commander Michael Runkle-U.S. Navy Commander of
Mobile Diving and Salvage Unit 2 (May 2013)

 

Common Core and other Governmental Intrusions and Impositions on Individual Freedom!

Please read the letter and watch the video below. Once you understand the objections to Common Core, the rest of this blog will make sense to you.
Arizona Common Core: Still in place thanks to these four Republicans.
4 days ago

Yesterday, after months of slowly moving through the legislature, a bill to repeal Common Core education standards came to the floor of the Arizona state Senate. It wasn’t a perfect bill, but it went a long way towards removing the damaging standards and restoring state control over education from an intrusive federal government.

Republicans have a majority in the Arizona legislature, so there was reason to be optimistic that the bill would pass. It had already cleared the state House by a vote of 34-23 in favor, and made its way out of several committees in order to finally make it to the Senate floor.

Unfortunately, when the votes came down, the bill failed to pass, with 13 ayes, 16 nays, and one Member not voting. Naturally, all the Democrats present voted against the bill, but Republicans had the majority. So what happened?

The vote failed, as so many of these votes fail, because Republicans betrayed the principles of smaller government and refused to stand up to federal bullying when they had the chance. State Senators Jeff Dial, Adam Driggs, Steve Pierce, and Bob Worsley voted to keep the standards that are ruining education for students, parents, and teachers alike.

After the vote, several supporters of the bill stood to speak with passion and conviction on the need to repeal Common Core. Their emotional connection to the cause was palpable, as they expressed their frustration with the failure of their colleagues to see reason and do the right thing. No one who opposed the bill chose to explain their votes. Their silence was deafening.

There will be other opportunities to repeal Common Core, in Arizona and in other states, but until Republicans start listening to the American people and having the courage to stand for education freedom, it’s going to be an uphill battle. As FreedomWorks President Matt Kibbe is fond of saying, sometimes you have to beat the Republicans before you beat the Democrats.

If you happen to live in Arizona, feel free to call up State Sens. Dial, Driggs, Pierce, and Worsley, and let them know how disappointed you are with their votes on HB 2190. The only way they’ll do better next time is if they hear, loudly and clearly, from their constituents.

Here is a partial list of how our freedom of Americans have been eroded over the years!
A. THE CIVIL WAR: Slavery may have been the precursor, but the real issue was States Rights. The Constitution envisioned each state to be its own country. Further, each individual citizen of each state was sovereign.   The federal government had very limited and defined powers. The only thing the Civil War decided was how much power the feds would have over the citizens and the states!
B. THE INDIAN WARS: If freed slaves could be cheated out of their 40 acres and a mule, and the native American can be forced onto “Reservations” then no man or woman could ever truly be a free citizen because the government can do what it wants at the expense of individuals.
C. THE FEDERAL RESERVE ACT OF 1913:  This is a two semester history course, to gain a full understanding about it. In a nut-shell,
If the American people ever allow private banks to control the issue of their currency, first … ” Despite these warnings, Woodrow Wilson signed the 1913 Federal Reserve Act. A few … Roosevelt knew this history. … “I am afraid the ordinary citizen will not like to be told that the banks can and do create money.”
in 1787, John Adams wrote: “All the perplexities, confusion, and distress in America arise, not from defects of the Constitution, not from want of honor or virtue, so much as from downright ignorance of the nature of coin, credit and circulation.”
Daniel Webster who said; “Of all the contrivances devised for cheating the laboring classes of mankind, none has been more effective than that which deludes him with paper money.”

Over time, gold and silver coins were removed from our money supply and removed as backing for our paper currency and replaced with debt (or credit). Credit is only in our minds. It is an idea, not a thing. It is expressed by bookkeeping entries and computer symbols.

Thomas Jefferson warned against private banks when he said: “If the American people ever allow private banks to control the issue of their currency, first by inflation and then by deflation, the banks and corporation that will grow up around them will deprive the people of all property until their children wake up homeless on the continent their fathers conquered.”

READ THE BLOG FROM YESTERDAY FOR A BRIEF ARTICLE ON THE PROBLEMS WITH THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM.

D. Then in 1916 and 1917 Amendment XVI AND OTHER LAW TO FINALIZE ENSLAVEMENT: “The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several states, and without regard to any census or enumeration.”

At this point, every American, of every race, color or creed – except for the most wealthy, connected people-  was screwed!

How were we screwed? Let’s list just a few items of evidence: World War l; Volstead Act Prohibition 1920 1933; 1929 Depression; robbing individual Americans of their gold as well as most of FDR’s New Deal; World War ll; Korean War; Vietnam War; and most of the political moves in the Middle East since 1948 through today!

Too broad you say? OK! Here are a few specific examples: During the Depression of 1929, my grandfather lost his job. He could also play several instruments and with a few friends could go to the business districts in Boston, set up on the sidewalk, and people would throw coins into their instrument cases so they could bring some food home to the family of 8 kids.  Today, you still have the freedom to do so UNTIL THE COPS ARRIVE-if you don’t have a license to be there you will be made to close up your shop or be arrested.  Let’s look at another situation from years ago, to today: Until our modern era, if you had a few extra packs of cigarettes AND NO CASH, but the wife needed a loaf of bread and a few vegetables to finish a healthy meal for the family.  So, you take your extra pack of cigarettes to your favorite tavern and sell them one at a time until you gather the necessary funds to complete dinner for the family.  TODAY, do that and while being arrested you might have a heart attack and die!  There are a million more anecdotes, but let’s stop here. You get the picture. AMERICANS ARE NO LONGER FREE! It has been coming in dribbles and drabs for over 150 years! However in the last 50 years of my adult life it has accelerated.  Over the last 6 years this old dude has watched a Pharaoh like tyranny descend over the land!  If we could only get circumstances as they were in the 1950’s and early 1960s, we might have a chance to save our country without the calamities that lie ahead for us! UNFORTUNATELY, there is never a “Going Back.”

Is this fixable? Yes! Start with the following:

Article 1, Section 10, Clause 1

No State shall … emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.

Then the rest of the solution is to start taking our individual responsibilities, learn and abide by the laws of God, and as much as possible ignore the governmental impositions.  Yes, obey the laws, or you will get all bound up in red tape and what the system calls “Process,”  Remember, they have made so many laws, many of which conflict, that if you make “the man” mad he might cause you headaches!  All you can do if that happens is “be still” and hope you get a judge with common sense!

If this scares you, find a “Prepper” or a Morman and learn the basics of survival.  Then, get on your knees and pray that our God will restore the “Kingdom of Heaven, on Earth!” Then, use your power as an individual with “Free Will” to learn all that you can about the will of God.  A good place to start can be found in The Bible’s, New Testament with the words of Jesus!

Don’t get all bogged down with rules and laws in The Bible-especially the Old Testament. If you worry about all of that you will be as confused as our present governmental system.  Keep it simple! Jesus did when he gave us the Greatest Commandment of All-Love God with all, then love your neighbor as yourself!  With that constantly in mind, read the stories and words of Jesus to see how to apply the simple government of God in your own life.

The Battista Family:

We thank God for the Blessings we have; and the blessings we are receiving!  

We thank God, for everything!
For GoDaddy http://x.co/2OK1G

A Brief Education About the Private Corporation Called The Federal Reserve Bank!

Federal Reserve Fraud

Andy Naylor


The purpose of this application report is to describe the problems with The Federal Reserve and the money system and explain why I think these are problems today. I think this is important because it has to do with everyone in the United States. I will examine the perspectives of three economists, and analyze my findings. In this report I hope to accomplish proving how the American public was lied to and robbed of their gold and silver supply.My first economist is Tom Rose, an ex-religious agnostic who later became a Christian after studying the Bible. He is a retired professor of economics from Grove City College, Pennsylvania. He is author of seven books and hundreds of articles dealing with economic and political issues.

My second economist is Steven Jacobson, author of the audiotape series Mind Wars.

My third economist is Alan Greenspan, Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and Chairman of the Federal Open Market Committee.

Alan Greenspan, at the annual Dinner and Francis Boyer Lecture of The American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research on December 5, 1996 stated, “Augmenting concerns about the Federal Reserve is the perception that we are a secretive organization, operating behind closed doors, not always in the interests of the nation as a whole. This is regrettable, and we continuously strive to alter this misperception.”

My research and findings will show otherwise. I will show how the Federal Reserve has confused the public, lied to them and stole their gold and silver.

In a letter to Thomas Jefferson in 1787, John Adams wrote: “All the perplexities, confusion, and distress in America arise, not from defects of the Constitution, not from want of honor or virtue, so much as from downright ignorance of the nature of coin, credit and circulation.”

It was Daniel Webster who said; “Of all the contrivances devised for cheating the laboring classes of mankind, none has been more effective than that which deludes him with paper money.”

Garet Garrett, in writing about the Federal Reserve System and World War I, said:

…after many years of blundering toward it, and only a few months before the beginning of the war in Europe (WWI), we had found the formula for the most efficient credit machine that was ever invented. This was the Federal Reserve System. Most people are unsure of the meanings of words such as money, dollar, wealth, inflation and credit. The average person would be very surprised if they knew how the money system used to work compared to how it operates now.

According to Jacobson, The essence of psychological warfare is to confuse the meaning of words, and infiltrate the mind with conflicting concepts. Jacobson goes on to say that the use of the word Federal in the name federal Reserve leads the public to believe that the Federal Reserve is a government institution, when it is really a private corporation owned by foreign and domestic banks and operated for profit. The FED controls nation’s money supply and interest rates, and there by manipulates the entire economy, in violation of Article 1, Section 8 of the United States Constitution that expressly charges Congress with power to coin money and regulate the value thereof. Article 1, Section 10 of the constitution says: No State shall make any thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in payment of Debts.

Federal Express and Federal Ammunition Company both have the word federal in them but the public knows about them, they know they are not government agencies because they are not misled about the companies.

Over time, gold and silver coins were removed from our money supply and removed as backing for our paper currency and replaced with debt (or credit). Credit is only in our minds. It is an idea, not a thing. It is expressed by bookkeeping entries and computer symbols.

According to Jacobson, “The manipulation of words and their meaning is the key to controlling what people think. Traditional definitions are eliminated while new meanings are repeated over and over again until accepted.”

The definition of dollar has changed to hide the fact that a dollar is not money, but a unit of measurement for gold and silver coin. Title 12 United States Code Section 152 says: “The terms lawful money or lawful money of the United States shall be construed to mean gold or silver coin of the United Sates.” Title 31 United States Code, Section 5101 says: “The money of account of the United States shall be expressed in dollars.”

Hundreds of years ago people would pay the local goldsmith to store their gold for them in his vault. He would then give them a receipt for the amount of gold that was stored. The receipt was not money, it was a money substitute. It was later common for people to use the receipts as payment for goods and services since they could be exchanged for the gold held in the vault at any time.

The goldsmith found out that only a small amount of the gold was ever claimed since people just kept exchanging the receipts. The goldsmith started writing receipts for more gold than he had, using some of the receipts to buy things and loaning the rest at interest, while taking title to real property as collateral. The gold for these extra receipts did not exist. By adding to the amount of receipts in circulation, the goldsmith stole from the people with the real receipts and decreased the value of the real gold receipts by creating inflation. The more of something there is, the less it is worth and more it takes to trade it for something else. Paper currency is a money substitute, it is not money. It is only valid when the number of paper currency equals the amount of real money that it is a substitute for. By manipulating the number of receipts in circulation, the goldsmith stole the wealth of the town without anyone figuring it out. By lowering the number of receipts, he could make money scare, creating a depression where he could foreclose on the property and magnify his riches. He could then quicken economic activity and bring abundance by raising the number of receipts until his next rip off.

America’s economic problems started with issuing fraudulent receipts for gold that does not exist. This became standard procedure for the banking business.

The recent equivalent to the goldsmith’s receipt for gold is the Federal Reserve Note. The word “Federal” implies Federal government, but the Federal Reserve is a privately owned corporation. The word “Reserve” implies that something gives the paper receipt value, but no gold or silver backs this paper. The word “Note” implies a contract, because legally a note must state who is paying, what is being paid, to whom and when.

Most people say something like, “I have a dollar bill”. But what is a bill? A bill is a receipt of a debt owed by one person or company to another. Therefore, a “dollar bill” is a receipt (or bill) of debt of one dollar that is owed.

According to Jacobson, from 1914 to 1963, Federal Reserve Notes never claimed to be money, nor did they claim to be dollars. A note for five dollars read: “The United States of America will pay to the bearer on demand five dollars.” How can a promise to pay five dollars be five dollars? To the left of the President’s picture and above the bank seal, it said: “This note is legal tender for all debts public and private, and is redeemable in lawful money at the United States Treasury or at any Federal Reserve Bank.” In 1963 the FED began to issue its first series of notes without the promise, while taking notes with the promise out of circulation. How can paper become what it promises by removing the promise? To the left of the President’s picture and above the bank seal, it now read: “This note is legal tender for all debts public and private.” A note is an IOU, it is proof of debt. It is not possible to pay off a debt with a debt. No debt can be paid in full unless paid in gold or silver, coined and regulated in value by Congress. The name “Federal Reserve Note” is a fraudulent label since each word claims to be something that in reality it is not. By removing the promise to redeem the note in lawful money, the Federal Government in cooperation with the Federal Reserve, eliminated the monetary system of the United States as established by the Constitution and replaced it with something totally different.

If you are holding a one dollar Federal Reserve Note, the question is, what is it one dollar of? The answer is absolutely nothing. The number one measures no substance. The only thing that give paper money value is the confidence people have in it as is stated in chapter 30 of our textbook. Federal Reserve Notes are only accepted because people believe they have value. If the truth were ever found out, it would cause fininancial chaos because people would know they have no value.

There are only two economic systems. They are barter and credit. Barter is the trading of one thing of value for something else of value. A money system using gold and silver coin is a barter system. Throughout history, many different things have been used for bartering because money, in and of itself, does not exist. Something must be used as money. People have traded for goods and services using farm animals, large rocks, shells and crops.

Gold and silver have been used as money worldwide for thousands of years. All things used as money have had one thing in common, they were all tangible wealth. They were all things you could touch. They were all things you could weigh and measure. Credit, however, is intangible. You cannot touch credit. You cannot weigh and measure it because there is no substance to weigh and measure. It is all imagination.

Credit is not wealth. No work is used in the creation of credit other than a booking entry. Hundreds of years ago, when the goldsmith issued his first receipt for gold that did not exist, he created credit and inflation, because credit and inflation are the same thing. They are both receipts for capital that does not exist. They are both an imaginary unit of exchange. When half of the receipts circulating as a money substitute are redeemable in gold, the other half of the receipts are both credit and inflation. When none of the receipts are redeemable, all of it is credit and inflation. Credit is inflation, therefore, the only cure for inflation is real, honest money.

A twenty dollar gold coin is twice as large, and twice as heavy as a ten dollar gold coin. A dollar is a unit of measurement for gold and silver coin to insure uniform weight, purity, and value. A dollar unit of paper money that is not redeemable in gold or silver coin is a dollar unit of inflation, which is a dollar unit of credit, which is a dollar unit of nothing.

The purpose of paper money that is not redeemable for gold or silver coin is to get things without paying for them. Those who issue and control paper money as credit get everything for nothing. The cost to the Federal Reserve for printing a “note” is about two cents, no matter what denomination is printed on it. Paper money as credit is used to take wealth using numbers where numbers of nothing are exchanged for things of substance and value. This grand theft occurs in full view unnoticed because the public has been made an accessory to the crime by accepting pieces of paper with numbers on them in place of lawful money, not knowing the difference between worthless “notes” and lawful money.

Oliver Ellsworth, the countries third Chief Justice of the Supreme Court said of paper money: “This is a favorable moment to shut and bar the door against paper money. The mischief of the various experiments which have been made are now fresh in the public mind and have excited the disgust of the respectable parts of America.”

Roger Sherman, a delegate from Connecticut and author of the gold and silver coin provision of the constitution, wrote a condemnation of paper money entitled A caveat Against Injustice in which he said…”If what is used as as a Medium of Exchange is fluctuating in its value it is no better than unjust weights and measures, both which are condemned by the laws of God and Man, and therefore the longest and most universal Custom could never make the Use of such a Medium either lawful or reasonable.”

And so the framers of the Constitution specified a money system of gold and silver, to be coined and regulated in value by Congress and prohibited by the government from issuing paper money as stated in Article 1 sections 8 and 10 of the Constitution: “Congress shall have Power to coin money and regulate the value thereof. No State shall make any thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts.”

When Congress passed the Federal Reserve Act on December 23, 1913. Congressman Charles A. Lindbergh, Sr., father of the famous airman, told Congress after the vote, “When the President signs this act, the invisible government by the money power will be legalized.” President Woodrow Wilson signed the act into law, turning over the money system of the country to a group of private bankers and allowed them to create money by making bookkeeping entries, loan it at interest, and take title to real property as collateral. Because of this, the citizens of the United States have lost control over their money system and their government. The banking system operates the same as the goldsmith that deceitfully issued receipts for more gold than was on deposit.

According to Jacobson, Federal Reserve Notes are evidence of debt the U.S. Government owes to the owners of the Federal Reserve the payment of which is guaranteed by the collateral of all property and income of all U.S. citizens. When the U.S. Government needs to borrow money, the Treasury creates a bond, and promises to pay a specified amount of money at a specified interest on a specified date. This bond is evidence of debt just as an. I.O.U. is evidence of debt. This interest-bearing debt is the foundation for this nation’s money supply and its payment is guaranteed by the collateral of all property and income of all U.S. citizens. The Federal Reserve “buys” this debt simply by making a bookkeeping entry for the amount and writing a check against no funds, and then converts it into paper currency and checkbook money.

The U.S. Bureau of Engraving prints the paper currency in whatever denominations ordered by the Federal Reserve and charges about two cents for each note, regardless of the denominations, which the Federal Reserve “pays for” by making another bookkeeping entry and writing another bad check. In effect the Federal Reserve lends the U. S. Government its own credit, our credit, and then charges interest on it. If the public does this, it is called kiting, which according to Webster’s dictionary is defined as, “to use (a bad check) to get credit or money”.

If a citizen does this they can be jailed or fined for it.

Every dollar created by the Federal Reserve System is debt for the citizens of the United States, which the central bank collects interest on, in addition to the interest from the bond created by the Treasury that put this magic money making machine in motion. The Federal Reserve inflates the amount of the bond in order to make even more loans of imaginary dollars and collect more interest on an investment that cost nothing. Under fractional reserve banking, the amount of money a bank can create is limited by the reserve ratio or fraction it is required to maintain. For example, when the reserve ratio is ten to one, a bank can create and loan ten dollars for each dollar held in reserve and charge interest on it. While the reserves of the goldsmith were gold, the reserves of the Federal Reserve is paper, nothing more than bookkeeping entries that are a record of debt.

The absurdity of the situation is that if there were no debts, there would be no money, since every dollar of paper currency and checkbook money is loaned into circulation. And, in order to pay the interest, there has to be another loan because the banking system only creates the principal and not the interest. In fact, the interest can never be paid because it is not possible to return to the bank more dollars than were created, making it inevitable that the Federal Reserve Banking System acquire title to all wealth in the nation. This is exactly what the Framers of the Constitution intended to prevent when they specified a money system of gold and silver coin and prohibited the government from issuing paper money, because a nation that uses money based on debt can never be free of debt.

Increasing the amount of currency and checkbook money increases inflation. Creating new dollars reduces the value of all dollars, resulting in higher prices. By manipulating the quantity of created dollars, the purchasing power of every dollar is altered. Depressions are the result of private bankers reducing the money supply by tightening credit and withdrawing currency, causing a drop in prices, unemployment and foreclosure of property. This is premeditated theft.

Thomas Jefferson warned against private banks when he said: “If the American people ever allow private banks to control the issue of their currency, first by inflation and then by deflation, the banks and corporation that will grow up around them will deprive the people of all property until their children wake up homeless on the continent their fathers conquered.”

By calling gold and silver “money”, and then calling Federal Reserve Notes “money”, the two blended together in the public’s minds so that over time the difference between them was erased from the people’s memories. A promise to pay money substituted for lawful money until the promise was removed. Exchanging paper currency is not a complete transaction until payment is made in gold or silver coin. Until then, it is both credit and debt a record of a specific amount of money to be paid or received.

Credit, a deferred payment and debt, a sum of money due, are the same thing. It is hidden by deceptive double-entry bookkeeping where a debt becomes an asset by calling it a credit. Paper money that redeems nothing only appears to have value because it can be exchanged for things of value. When a piece of paper representing debt is exchanged for wealth, someone has been robbed. Paper money transfers wealth from one person, then from another, then from another, and on and on until the last person will be stuck with it.

During the Great Depression people who had gold in the banks wanted the banks to honor their contract to redeem the paper currency for gold.. The fraudulent nature of fractional reserve banking was at risk of being exposed because there was not enough gold on deposit in the banks to redeem all Federal Reserve Notes issued promising payment in gold. That was when President Roosevelt declared a national emergency and closed the banking system for two days as recommended by the Board of Directors of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Congress then passed the Emergency Banking Act declaring it illegal for U.S. citizens to own gold under penalty of up to a $10,000 fine and/or up to 10 years in prison. The people exchanged their gold and gold certificates for Federal Reserve Notes of created dollars based on debt, which stated a promise of redemption in lawful money.

Gold was now removed from the system leaving silver dollars as the only lawful money available. Silver was eventually eliminated from the money system, leaving the public with a totally scam money system of irredeemable paper currency and copper-nickel clad tokens that represent a debt owed to the owners of the Federal Reserve Banking System, the payment of which is guaranteed by the collateral of all property and income of all U.S. citizens.

According to Jacobson, when banks cannot honor their contract to redeem their notes for gold or silver coins, they are bankrupt. The contract between the people and the Federal Reserve printed on each bank note promising to pay in lawful money was invalidated because the system went bankrupt and because the amended version of the “Trading with the Enemy Act of 1917” placed all U.S. citizens in the category of enemy, and no contract is considered valid between enemies. American citizens were declared to be the enemy by their own government, for indeed they would be if the people ever discovered what had happened to their money.

Being unable to trade in wealth such as gold and silver coin enslaves the people to those who create and control what is being called money. All it took to rob the public was to convince people that paper and credit are money. The Federal Government and the Federal Reserve have the power to create unlimited amounts of credit because credit does not exist. It is not a tangible substance, but an idea represented by bookkeeping entries and computer symbols.

To pay means to deliver a tangible substance as money like gold and silver coin. Where there is no substance, there is no payment. There is only pretend payment. Banks do not really lend money, they only pretend to lend money. They put no money in a borrower’s account. They only make bookkeeping entries that are reduced as the borrower writes checks against imagined deposits.

When the banks charge interest on a loan they do not make, banks impart psychological value to numbers of nothing. Charging interest sustains the illusion that banks loan something of value, when all they do is rent the appearance of money.

Three years after signing the Federal Reserve Act into law, President Woodrow Wilson made the following statement: “Our system of credit is concentrated. The growth of the nation, therefore, and all our activities are in the hands of a few men. We have come to be one of the worst ruled, one of the most completely controlled and dominated governments in the civilized world–no longer a government by free opinion, no longer a government by conviction and the vote of the majority, but a government by the opinion and duress of small groups of dominant men.”

According to Jacobson, the Secretary of the Treasury is not the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury because the U.S. Treasury was bankrupted in 1933. The Secretary of the Treasury is not paid by the United States Government. The Secretary serves as U.S. Governor of the International Monetary Fund as receiver of the bankrupt United States, collecting the debt from U.S. citizens. According to Tom Rose, economics is the science of choice: the science, or study, of how man values alternative choices, and how he acts in implementing those choices in order to maximize his sense of well-being. This definition is somewhat broader than the dictionary definition of economics, that economics is “a social science concerned chiefly with description and analysis of production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.”

He defines Biblical economics as what the Bible says about man. He says that we must always remember that God is the Author and Controller of all economic law, and that man’s role is to discover and to apply God’s law in the created universe. Tom Rose says that according to Leviticus 19:35-36 monetary inflation is immoral, whether it is effected by the government treasury’s printing fiat money, or whether it is brought about by the central bank (Federal Reserve Bank) “validating” government deficits through sophisticated, hard to understand forms of credit creation. Monetary inflation, properly defined as the creation of new purchasing media (money), is immoral because it changes the measure of the monetary unit by debauching the currency that people use in their everyday transactions. Monetary inflation is what counterfeiters engage in when they create false money, and it is just as morally wrong for civil rulers to “legally” create false money as it is for counterfeiters to do it illegally. In short, it is a clear breaking of God’s admonishment to maintain a system of just weights and measures.

Tom Rose says that The Federal Reserve Bank has provided the needed sleight-of-hand credit financing to involve us in every foreign war during the twentieth century. The net result of our getting involved in one foreign war after another has been a consequent steady decline in personal freedom; the growth of a highly centralized, bureaucratic and fascistic government; a horrendous rise in taxation; the planned destruction of the gold standard, which used to give some degree of protection to American citizens against an out-of-control, profligate, high-spending government in Washington, D.C.; and decades of planned monetary inflation which has brought the 1940 purchasing value of the dollar to less than 8 cents. Yes, 92 percent of the value of the 1940 dollar has evaporated as a result of the Federal Reserve’s long-term monetary policy, which has quietly cooperated with the federal government to finance government deficits with Federal Reserve credit.

In conclusion, Alan Greenspan stated, “Augmenting concerns about the Federal Reserve is the perception that we are a secretive organization, operating behind closed doors, not always in the interests of the nation as a whole. This is regrettable, and we continuously strive to alter this misperception.”

According to Jacobson, by using misleading words the Federal Reserve has misled the public. They have over time replaced our system of real money of gold and silver coin with worthless paper, which is against the law according to The Constitution. Tom Rose says that according to Leviticus 19:35-36 monetary inflation is immoral, because it is not an honest standard as God commands in Leviticus.

I think the only solution to this problem is to do away with the Federal Reserve and go back to the way it used to be and have our money system based on gold and silver coin. As Jacobson said, the only solution to the problem is honest money. Besides the economic issues I have mentioned in this paper, there are other good reasons to have our money system based on gold and silver coin. For one thing, there would be no more counterfeiters. The only reason people do that now is because paper is pretty worthless. But they print a value on it, and all of a sudden it’s worth something. But you cannot counterfeit gold or silver. You cannot take an ounce of gold or silver and make it worth more than it is already worth. If you take an ounce of gold and stamp it into a US gold coin, it is worth no more than an ounce of gold. You can create paper money, just like The Federal Reserve does. But you cannot create gold or silver.

Another good reason for gold and silver coin is that it doesn’t wear as bad as paper money does. Paper money is frequently replaced because it wears out so quickly. I have silver dollars over 130 years old and they are still in great shape. In a way, gold and silver never wear out because at the worst they will wear down the fine edges. When this happens, they can just be recycled again into new coins.

I think in this paper I have accomplished what I have set out to do, that being to describe the problems with The Federal Reserve and the money system and explain why I think these are problems today. I have proved how the American public was lied to and robbed of their gold and silver supply.

Fiat money!
Fiat money!
Those that believe fiat money is strong, stable and real!
Those that believe fiat
money is strong, stable and real!

Picture The U S Constitution says, “No State shall make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts;

dem/repub joke

A woman in a hot air balloon realized she was lost. She lowered her altitude and spotted a man in a boat below.

She shouted to him, “Excuse me, can you help me? I promised a friend I would meet him an hour ago, but I don’t know where I am.”

The man consulted his portable GPS and replied, “You’re in a hot air balloon, approximately 30 feet above a ground elevation of 2,346 feet above sea level. You are at 31 degrees, 14.97 minutes north latitude and 100 degrees, 49.09 minutes west longitude.”

She rolled her eyes and said, “You must be a Republican.”

“I am,” replied the man. “How did you know?”

“Well,” answered the balloonist, “Everything you told me is technically correct, but I have no idea what to do with your information, and I’m still lost. Frankly, you’ve not been much help to me.”

The man smiled and responded, “You must be a Democrat.”

“I am,” replied the balloonist. “How did you know?”

“Well,” said the man, “You don’t know where you are or where you’re going. You’ve risen to where you are due to a large quantity of hot air. You made a promise that you have no idea how to keep, and you expect me to solve your problem.”

“And You’re in exactly the same position you were in before we met, but, somehow, now it’s my fault.”